India State Of Forest Report 2019 PDF: Union Minister Prakash Javadekar released India State of Forest Report 2019 on Monday (30 December 2019), which states- “The total tree and forest cover in the country increased by 5,188 sq.km in the last two years”. There is an increase of 42.6 million tonnes in the carbon stock of the country as compared to the last assessment of 2017. The forest cover in India is measured by Forest Survey of India (an organisation under the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India) since 1987.
The current assessment shows a decrease of forest cover to the extent of 765 sq.km (0.45%) in northeast India region. Except Assam and Tripura, all States in the region show decrease in forest cover. The mangrove cover in the country has increased by 54 sq.km (1.10%) as compared to the previous assessment.
Forest Survey of India (FSI), founded in June 1981 and headquartered at Dehradun in Uttarakhand, is a Government of India Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change organisation for conducting forest surveys, studies and research to periodically monitor the changing situation of land and forest resources and present the data for national planning, conservation and sustainable management of environmental protection as well for the implementation of social forestry projects.
FSI (forests) as well as ASI (archaeology), BSI (botany), FiSI (fisheries), GSI (geology), IIEE (ecology), NIO (oceanography), RGCCI (population survey) and language survey), SI (cartography) and ZSI (zoology) are key national survey organisations of India.
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FSI assesses forest cover of the country every 2 years by digital interpretation of remote sensing satellite data and publishes the results in a biennial report called ‘India State of Forest Report'(ISFR).Beginning in 1987, 14 SFRs have come so far. Since 2004, FSI has been monitoring forest fires across the country using MODIS(Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer) and GIS based technology.
India State of Forest Report, #ISFR2019
The total forest cover of country is 7,12,249 sq km which is 21.67% of geographical area of country. Total tree, forest cover in country increases by 5,188 sq km.