Biosphere Reserves of India: General Awareness is a very important section in almost every competitive exams like FSSAI, RRB NTPC, FCI, CWC, LIC, ESIC, IBPS, SBI, RBI, AAI, DRDO, ISRO, NTRO, State Level Exams, UPSC &  Various Competitive Exams. Questions based on Biosphere Reserves are always asked in various competitive exams. In this post we are providing you List of Biosphere Reserves of India. You can download PDF from the link given below. Get Static GK PDF Notes for all competitive exams like FSSAI, RRB NTPC, FCI, CWC, LIC, ESIC, IBPS, SBI, RBI, AAI, DRDO, ISRO, NTRO, State Level Exams, UPSC &  Various Competitive Exams. Practice Static GK Questions and Answers Here. You can download all Static GK 2019 PDF notes from our website Prashant Chaturvedi

biosphere reserves in india

The term ‘Biosphere Reserve’ should denote an area:

  • which is, set aside for the conservation of the resources of the biosphere and for the improvement of the relationship between man and the environment;
  • which is, to serve as sites for long term scientific research as well as education all over the world.

The programme of Biosphere Reserve was initiated under the ‘Man & Biosphere’ (MAB) programme by UNESCO in 1971. Biosphere Reserves are areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems promoting solutions to reconcile the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use. They are internationally recognized, nominated by National Governments and remain under sovereign jurisdiction of the states where they are located. Biosphere Reserves serve in some ways as ‘living laboratories’ for testing out and demonstrating integrated management of land, water and biodiversity (CES., UNESCO, 2005., IUCN, 1979).

Biosphere Reserve Objectives

Each Biosphere Reserve is intended to fulfill three basic functions, which are complementary and mutually reinforcing:

  • A conservation function – to contribute to the conservation of landscapes, ecosystems, species and genetic variation;
  • A development function – to foster economic and human development which is socio-culturally and ecologically sustainable;
  • A logistic function – to provide support for research, monitoring, education and information exchange related to local, national and global issues of conservation and development (UNESCO, 2005).

List of Biosphere Reserves in India

NameYear of establishmentDistrictState
Achanakmar-Amarkantak2005Anupur, Dindori & BilaspurMadhya Pradesh & Chhattishgarh
Agasthyamalai2001Kerala
Dehang-Debang1998Siang & Debang ValleyArunachal Pradesh
Dibru-Saikhowa1997Dibrugarh and TinsukiaAssam
Great Nicobar1989Southern most Island of Andaman and NicobarAndaman and Nicobar
Gulf of Mannar1989Indian part of Gulf of MannarTamil Nadu
Khangchenjunga2000Khangchendzonga HillsSikkim
Manas1989Part of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamprup and DarangAssam
Nanda Devi1988Chamoli, Almora, and Pithoragarh,Uttaranchal
Nilgiri1986Part of Wayanad, Bandipur, and Nagarhole, Nilambur, Silent Valley and Siruvani HillsTamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka
Nokrek1988Part of Garo HillsMeghalaya
Pachmarhi1999Betul, Hoshangabad and ChindwaraMadhya Pradesh
Simlipal1994MayurbhanjOrissa
Sunderbans1989Delta of Ganges and BrahmaputraWest Bengal

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