Bharat Ratna Winners 1954-2018

Bharat Ratna Winners 1954 to 2018 | Bharat Ratna Recipient till 2018

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Here we are sharing List of Bharat Ratna Winners 1954-2018. You can download the pdf by clicking on the link given below.

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The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted in 1954, the award is conferred “in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order”, without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include “any field of human endeavour” in December 2011.

The recommendations for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President, with a maximum of three nominees being awarded per year. Recipients receive a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a peepal-leaf–shaped medallion; there is no monetary grant associated with the award. Bharat Ratna recipients rank seventh in the Indian order of precedence.

The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were politician C. Rajagopalachari, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and scientist C. V. Raman, who were honoured in 1954.

Since then, the award has been bestowed on 45 individuals, including 12 who were awarded posthumously. The original statutes did not provide for posthumous awards but were amended in January 1955 to permit them. The former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri became the first individual to be honoured posthumously. In 2014, cricketer Sachin Tendulkar, then aged 40, became the youngest recipient; while social reformer Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th birthday. Though usually conferred on India-born citizens, the Bharat Ratna has been awarded to one naturalised citizen, Mother Teresa, and to two non-Indians, Pakistan national Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and former South African President Nelson Mandela. On 24 December 2014, the Indian government announced the award to independence activist Madan Mohan Malaviya (posthumously) and former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

Benefits of Bharat Ratna:

  1. Free first class flight journey anywhere in India.
  2. Free first class train journey.
  3. Pension equal to or 50% of Prime Minister of India’s salary.
  4. Can attend the Parliament meetings and sessions.
  5. Precedence at par with Cabinet Rank.
  6. Eligible for Z-category protection, if needed.
  7. Special Guest in Republic Day and Independence Day.
  8. Status equal to VVIP.

Bharat Ratna Winner List From 1954 To 2018

S.No. Name of the Awardees Birth & Death Awarded Year About him
1 Madan Mohan Malviya 1861 –1946 2015 Scholar And Educational Reformer And Served As The Banaras Hindu University Vice-Chancellor From 1919 Till 1938.
2 Atal Bihari Vajpayee 1924- 2015 Served As The Prime Minister Of India For Three Terms; 1996, 1998, 1999–2004.
3 Prof. C.N.R Rao 1934- 2014 Honorary Doctorates From 63 Universities & Authored Around 1600 Research Papers And 48 Books.
4 Sachin Tendulkar 1973- 2014 Sachin Tendulkar Had Played 664 International Cricket Matches In A Career & Made 30,000 Runs In Both Odi And Test Cricket
5 Bhimsen Joshi 1922 – 2011 2008 Hindustani Classical Vocalist
6 Bismillah Khan 1916 –2006 2001 Hindustani Classical Shehnai Player
7 Lata Mangeshkar 1929- 2001 Nightingale Of India
8 Ravi Shankar 1920 –2012 1999 Hindustani Classical Music
9 Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous) 1890 –1950 1999 First Chief Minister Of Assam (1946–50) And
10 Professor Amartya Sen 1933- 1999 Research On Several Topics Like Social Choice Theory, Ethics And Political Philosophy, Welfare Economics, Decision Theory And More
11 Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous) 1902 –1979 1999 Total Revolution Movement And Independence Activist, Social Reformer
12 Shri Chidambaram Subramniam 1910 –2000 1998 Independence Activist And Former Minister Of Agriculture Of India
13 Smt. Madurai Sanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi 1916 –2004 1998 Carnatic Classical Vocalist
14 Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam 1931- 1997 Aerospace And Defence Scientist
15 Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous) 1909 –1996 1997 Quit India Movement In 1942 & Delhi’s First Mayor In 1958.
16 Shri Gulzarilal Nanda 1898 –1998 1997 2 Times Interim Prime Minister Of India (1964, 1966) And Deputy Chairman Of The Planning Commission.
17 Shri Satyajit Ray 1922 –1992 1992 For Bringing World Recognition To Indian Cinema In 1984
18 Shri Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata (J. R. D. Tata) 1904 –1993 1992 Industrialist, Philanthropist, And Aviation Pioneer
19 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous) 1888 –1958 1992 Independence Activist And First Minister Of Education
20 Shri Morarji Desai 1896 –1995 1991 Independence Activist And 6th Prime Minister Of India In 1977–79
21 Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Posthumous) 1875 –1950 1991 Called Iron Man Of India And First Deputy Prime Minister Of India In 1947–50
22 Shri Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous) 1944 –1991 1991 9th Prime Minister Of India
23 Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela 1918- 1990 President Of South Africa In 1994–99
24 Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar (Posthumous) 1891 –1956 1990 Social Reformer And Leader Of The Dalits
25 Shri Marudu Gopalan Ramachandran (Posthumous) 1917 –1987 1988 Chief Minister Of Tamil Nadu For 3rd Terms; 1977–80, 1980–84, 1985–87
26 Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan 1890 –1988 1987 Called Frontier Gandhi And Founded Khudai Khidmatgar (Red Shirt Movement) In 1929
27 Shri Acharya Vinobha Bhave (Posthumous) 1895 –1982 1983 Independence Activist, Social Reformer
28 Mother Teresa 1910 –1997 1980 “Saint Mother Teresa Of Calcutta”  Founder Of The Missionaries Of Charity
29 Shri Kumaraswami Kamraj (Posthumous) 1903 –1975 1976 Chief Minister Of Tamil Nadu For 3 Terms – 1954–57, 1957–62, And 1962–63
30 Shri Varahagiri Venkata Giri 1894 –1980 1975 4th Prime Minister And Independence Activist
31 Smt. Indira Gandhi 1917 –1984 1971 Called As The “Iron Lady Of India” And Was Prime Minister Of India During 1966–77 And 1980–84
32 Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri (Posthumous) 1904 –1966 1966 For His Slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” And Second Prime Minister Of India In 1964–66
33 Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane 1880 –1972 1963 Indologist And Sanskrit Scholar
34 Dr. Zakir Hussain 1897 –1969 1963 Independence Activist And Education Philosopher &  Vice Chancellor Of Aligarh Muslim University In 1948–56 And 3rd President Of India In 1967–69
35 Dr. Rajendra Prasad 1884 –1963 1962 Independence Activist, Lawyer, Statesman, And Scholar & First President Of India 1950–62
36 Shri Purushottam Das Tandon 1882 –1962 1961 Speaker Of The Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly In 1937–50 & Involvement Of Official Language Status To Hindi.
37 Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy 1882 –1962 1961 Physician, Political Leader, Philanthropist, Educationist, And A Social Worker
38 Dr. Dhondo Keshave Karve 1858 –1962 1958 Social Reformer And Educator
39 Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant 1887 –1961 1957 1st Chief Minister Of Uttar Pradesh (1950–54) And Premier Of United Provinces In 1937–39, 1946–50
40 Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru 1889 –1964 1955 1st Prime Minister Of India In 1947–64 & Independence Activist And Author
41 Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya 1861 –1962 1955 Civil Engineer, Statesman, And Diwan Of Mysore In 1912–18
42 Dr. Bhagwan Das 1869 –1958 1955 Independence Activist, Philosopher, And Educationist
43 Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman 1888 – 197 1954 Physicist
44 Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan 1888 –1975 1954 1st Vice-President In 1952–62) And Second President In 1962–67
45 Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari 1878 –1972 1954 Independence Activist, Statesman, And Lawyer

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