Bharat Ratna Winners 1954-2018

Bharat Ratna Winners 1954 to 2018 | Bharat Ratna Recipient till 2018

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The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted in 1954, the award is conferred “in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order”, without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include “any field of human endeavour” in December 2011.

The recommendations for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President, with a maximum of three nominees being awarded per year. Recipients receive a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a peepal-leaf–shaped medallion; there is no monetary grant associated with the award. Bharat Ratna recipients rank seventh in the Indian order of precedence.

The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were politician C. Rajagopalachari, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and scientist C. V. Raman, who were honoured in 1954.

Since then, the award has been bestowed on 45 individuals, including 12 who were awarded posthumously. The original statutes did not provide for posthumous awards but were amended in January 1955 to permit them. The former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri became the first individual to be honoured posthumously. In 2014, cricketer Sachin Tendulkar, then aged 40, became the youngest recipient; while social reformer Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th birthday. Though usually conferred on India-born citizens, the Bharat Ratna has been awarded to one naturalised citizen, Mother Teresa, and to two non-Indians, Pakistan national Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and former South African President Nelson Mandela. On 24 December 2014, the Indian government announced the award to independence activist Madan Mohan Malaviya (posthumously) and former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

Benefits of Bharat Ratna:

  1. Free first class flight journey anywhere in India.
  2. Free first class train journey.
  3. Pension equal to or 50% of Prime Minister of India’s salary.
  4. Can attend the Parliament meetings and sessions.
  5. Precedence at par with Cabinet Rank.
  6. Eligible for Z-category protection, if needed.
  7. Special Guest in Republic Day and Independence Day.
  8. Status equal to VVIP.

Bharat Ratna Winner List From 1954 To 2018

S.No.Name of the AwardeesBirth & DeathAwarded YearAbout him
1Madan Mohan Malviya1861 –19462015Scholar And Educational Reformer And Served As The Banaras Hindu University Vice-Chancellor From 1919 Till 1938.
2Atal Bihari Vajpayee1924-2015Served As The Prime Minister Of India For Three Terms; 1996, 1998, 1999–2004.
3Prof. C.N.R Rao1934-2014Honorary Doctorates From 63 Universities & Authored Around 1600 Research Papers And 48 Books.
4Sachin Tendulkar1973-2014Sachin Tendulkar Had Played 664 International Cricket Matches In A Career & Made 30,000 Runs In Both Odi And Test Cricket
5Bhimsen Joshi1922 – 20112008Hindustani Classical Vocalist
6Bismillah Khan1916 –20062001Hindustani Classical Shehnai Player
7Lata Mangeshkar1929-2001Nightingale Of India
8Ravi Shankar1920 –20121999Hindustani Classical Music
9Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous)1890 –19501999First Chief Minister Of Assam (1946–50) And
10Professor Amartya Sen1933-1999Research On Several Topics Like Social Choice Theory, Ethics And Political Philosophy, Welfare Economics, Decision Theory And More
11Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous)1902 –19791999Total Revolution Movement And Independence Activist, Social Reformer
12Shri Chidambaram Subramniam1910 –20001998Independence Activist And Former Minister Of Agriculture Of India
13Smt. Madurai Sanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi1916 –20041998Carnatic Classical Vocalist
14Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam1931-1997Aerospace And Defence Scientist
15Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous)1909 –19961997Quit India Movement In 1942 & Delhi’s First Mayor In 1958.
16Shri Gulzarilal Nanda1898 –199819972 Times Interim Prime Minister Of India (1964, 1966) And Deputy Chairman Of The Planning Commission.
17Shri Satyajit Ray1922 –19921992For Bringing World Recognition To Indian Cinema In 1984
18Shri Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata (J. R. D. Tata)1904 –19931992Industrialist, Philanthropist, And Aviation Pioneer
19Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous)1888 –19581992Independence Activist And First Minister Of Education
20Shri Morarji Desai1896 –19951991Independence Activist And 6th Prime Minister Of India In 1977–79
21Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Posthumous)1875 –19501991Called Iron Man Of India And First Deputy Prime Minister Of India In 1947–50
22Shri Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous)1944 –199119919th Prime Minister Of India
23Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela1918-1990President Of South Africa In 1994–99
24Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar (Posthumous)1891 –19561990Social Reformer And Leader Of The Dalits
25Shri Marudu Gopalan Ramachandran (Posthumous)1917 –19871988Chief Minister Of Tamil Nadu For 3rd Terms; 1977–80, 1980–84, 1985–87
26Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan1890 –19881987Called Frontier Gandhi And Founded Khudai Khidmatgar (Red Shirt Movement) In 1929
27Shri Acharya Vinobha Bhave (Posthumous)1895 –19821983Independence Activist, Social Reformer
28Mother Teresa1910 –19971980“Saint Mother Teresa Of Calcutta”  Founder Of The Missionaries Of Charity
29Shri Kumaraswami Kamraj (Posthumous)1903 –19751976Chief Minister Of Tamil Nadu For 3 Terms – 1954–57, 1957–62, And 1962–63
30Shri Varahagiri Venkata Giri1894 –198019754th Prime Minister And Independence Activist
31Smt. Indira Gandhi1917 –19841971Called As The “Iron Lady Of India” And Was Prime Minister Of India During 1966–77 And 1980–84
32Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri (Posthumous)1904 –19661966For His Slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” And Second Prime Minister Of India In 1964–66
33Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane1880 –19721963Indologist And Sanskrit Scholar
34Dr. Zakir Hussain1897 –19691963Independence Activist And Education Philosopher &  Vice Chancellor Of Aligarh Muslim University In 1948–56 And 3rd President Of India In 1967–69
35Dr. Rajendra Prasad1884 –19631962Independence Activist, Lawyer, Statesman, And Scholar & First President Of India 1950–62
36Shri Purushottam Das Tandon1882 –19621961Speaker Of The Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly In 1937–50 & Involvement Of Official Language Status To Hindi.
37Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy1882 –19621961Physician, Political Leader, Philanthropist, Educationist, And A Social Worker
38Dr. Dhondo Keshave Karve1858 –19621958Social Reformer And Educator
39Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant1887 –196119571st Chief Minister Of Uttar Pradesh (1950–54) And Premier Of United Provinces In 1937–39, 1946–50
40Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru1889 –196419551st Prime Minister Of India In 1947–64 & Independence Activist And Author
41Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya1861 –19621955Civil Engineer, Statesman, And Diwan Of Mysore In 1912–18
42Dr. Bhagwan Das1869 –19581955Independence Activist, Philosopher, And Educationist
43Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman1888 – 1971954Physicist
44Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan1888 –197519541st Vice-President In 1952–62) And Second President In 1962–67
45Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari1878 –19721954Independence Activist, Statesman, And Lawyer

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