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The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted in 1954, the award is conferred “in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order”, without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include “any field of human endeavour” in December 2011.
The recommendations for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President, with a maximum of three nominees being awarded per year. Recipients receive a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a peepal-leaf–shaped medallion; there is no monetary grant associated with the award. Bharat Ratna recipients rank seventh in the Indian order of precedence.
The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were politician C. Rajagopalachari, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and scientist C. V. Raman, who were honoured in 1954.
Since then, the award has been bestowed on 45 individuals, including 12 who were awarded posthumously. The original statutes did not provide for posthumous awards but were amended in January 1955 to permit them. The former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri became the first individual to be honoured posthumously. In 2014, cricketer Sachin Tendulkar, then aged 40, became the youngest recipient; while social reformer Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th birthday. Though usually conferred on India-born citizens, the Bharat Ratna has been awarded to one naturalised citizen, Mother Teresa, and to two non-Indians, Pakistan national Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and former South African President Nelson Mandela. On 24 December 2014, the Indian government announced the award to independence activist Madan Mohan Malaviya (posthumously) and former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
Benefits of Bharat Ratna:
- Free first class flight journey anywhere in India.
- Free first class train journey.
- Pension equal to or 50% of Prime Minister of India’s salary.
- Can attend the Parliament meetings and sessions.
- Precedence at par with Cabinet Rank.
- Eligible for Z-category protection, if needed.
- Special Guest in Republic Day and Independence Day.
- Status equal to VVIP.
Bharat Ratna Winner List From 1954 To 2018
|S.No.||Name of the Awardees||Birth & Death||Awarded Year||About him|
|1||Madan Mohan Malviya||1861 –1946||2015||Scholar And Educational Reformer And Served As The Banaras Hindu University Vice-Chancellor From 1919 Till 1938.|
|2||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||1924-||2015||Served As The Prime Minister Of India For Three Terms; 1996, 1998, 1999–2004.|
|3||Prof. C.N.R Rao||1934-||2014||Honorary Doctorates From 63 Universities & Authored Around 1600 Research Papers And 48 Books.|
|4||Sachin Tendulkar||1973-||2014||Sachin Tendulkar Had Played 664 International Cricket Matches In A Career & Made 30,000 Runs In Both Odi And Test Cricket|
|5||Bhimsen Joshi||1922 – 2011||2008||Hindustani Classical Vocalist|
|6||Bismillah Khan||1916 –2006||2001||Hindustani Classical Shehnai Player|
|7||Lata Mangeshkar||1929-||2001||Nightingale Of India|
|8||Ravi Shankar||1920 –2012||1999||Hindustani Classical Music|
|9||Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous)||1890 –1950||1999||First Chief Minister Of Assam (1946–50) And|
|10||Professor Amartya Sen||1933-||1999||Research On Several Topics Like Social Choice Theory, Ethics And Political Philosophy, Welfare Economics, Decision Theory And More|
|11||Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous)||1902 –1979||1999||Total Revolution Movement And Independence Activist, Social Reformer|
|12||Shri Chidambaram Subramniam||1910 –2000||1998||Independence Activist And Former Minister Of Agriculture Of India|
|13||Smt. Madurai Sanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi||1916 –2004||1998||Carnatic Classical Vocalist|
|14||Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam||1931-||1997||Aerospace And Defence Scientist|
|15||Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous)||1909 –1996||1997||Quit India Movement In 1942 & Delhi’s First Mayor In 1958.|
|16||Shri Gulzarilal Nanda||1898 –1998||1997||2 Times Interim Prime Minister Of India (1964, 1966) And Deputy Chairman Of The Planning Commission.|
|17||Shri Satyajit Ray||1922 –1992||1992||For Bringing World Recognition To Indian Cinema In 1984|
|18||Shri Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata (J. R. D. Tata)||1904 –1993||1992||Industrialist, Philanthropist, And Aviation Pioneer|
|19||Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous)||1888 –1958||1992||Independence Activist And First Minister Of Education|
|20||Shri Morarji Desai||1896 –1995||1991||Independence Activist And 6th Prime Minister Of India In 1977–79|
|21||Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Posthumous)||1875 –1950||1991||Called Iron Man Of India And First Deputy Prime Minister Of India In 1947–50|
|22||Shri Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous)||1944 –1991||1991||9th Prime Minister Of India|
|23||Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela||1918-||1990||President Of South Africa In 1994–99|
|24||Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar (Posthumous)||1891 –1956||1990||Social Reformer And Leader Of The Dalits|
|25||Shri Marudu Gopalan Ramachandran (Posthumous)||1917 –1987||1988||Chief Minister Of Tamil Nadu For 3rd Terms; 1977–80, 1980–84, 1985–87|
|26||Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan||1890 –1988||1987||Called Frontier Gandhi And Founded Khudai Khidmatgar (Red Shirt Movement) In 1929|
|27||Shri Acharya Vinobha Bhave (Posthumous)||1895 –1982||1983||Independence Activist, Social Reformer|
|28||Mother Teresa||1910 –1997||1980||“Saint Mother Teresa Of Calcutta” Founder Of The Missionaries Of Charity|
|29||Shri Kumaraswami Kamraj (Posthumous)||1903 –1975||1976||Chief Minister Of Tamil Nadu For 3 Terms – 1954–57, 1957–62, And 1962–63|
|30||Shri Varahagiri Venkata Giri||1894 –1980||1975||4th Prime Minister And Independence Activist|
|31||Smt. Indira Gandhi||1917 –1984||1971||Called As The “Iron Lady Of India” And Was Prime Minister Of India During 1966–77 And 1980–84|
|32||Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri (Posthumous)||1904 –1966||1966||For His Slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” And Second Prime Minister Of India In 1964–66|
|33||Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane||1880 –1972||1963||Indologist And Sanskrit Scholar|
|34||Dr. Zakir Hussain||1897 –1969||1963||Independence Activist And Education Philosopher & Vice Chancellor Of Aligarh Muslim University In 1948–56 And 3rd President Of India In 1967–69|
|35||Dr. Rajendra Prasad||1884 –1963||1962||Independence Activist, Lawyer, Statesman, And Scholar & First President Of India 1950–62|
|36||Shri Purushottam Das Tandon||1882 –1962||1961||Speaker Of The Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly In 1937–50 & Involvement Of Official Language Status To Hindi.|
|37||Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy||1882 –1962||1961||Physician, Political Leader, Philanthropist, Educationist, And A Social Worker|
|38||Dr. Dhondo Keshave Karve||1858 –1962||1958||Social Reformer And Educator|
|39||Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant||1887 –1961||1957||1st Chief Minister Of Uttar Pradesh (1950–54) And Premier Of United Provinces In 1937–39, 1946–50|
|40||Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru||1889 –1964||1955||1st Prime Minister Of India In 1947–64 & Independence Activist And Author|
|41||Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya||1861 –1962||1955||Civil Engineer, Statesman, And Diwan Of Mysore In 1912–18|
|42||Dr. Bhagwan Das||1869 –1958||1955||Independence Activist, Philosopher, And Educationist|
|43||Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman||1888 – 197||1954||Physicist|
|44||Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan||1888 –1975||1954||1st Vice-President In 1952–62) And Second President In 1962–67|
|45||Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari||1878 –1972||1954||Independence Activist, Statesman, And Lawyer|
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